DDoS prevention and mitigation

There are many DDoS prevention and mitigation products. Many of these products work at the network level, filtering out malicious packets.

For example, Guard-Host states that it provides:

  • a mitigation solution based on VAC technology

    • Analyse all packets at high speed in real time
    • Vacuum your server’s incoming traffic
    • Mitigate i.e. singling out all the illegitimate IP packets, while allowing legitimate ones to pass through
  •  “To detect the attack, we use the netflow sent by the routers and analysed by the Arbor Peakflow boxes. Each router sends a summary of 1/2000 of the traffic that is actually passing through it. The Arbor Peakflow boxes analyse this and compare it to the attack signatures. If the comparison is positive, mitigation is activated within seconds.
  • The signatures analysed are based on traffic thresholds of
    • “packets per second” (pps, Kpps, Mpps, Gpps) or
    • “bits per second” (bps, Kbps, Mbps, Gbps) on certain packet types”

DDoS attack types

For example, Guard-Host acknowledges the following DDoS attack types:

DDoS Attack Types

DDoS Attack Types

Mitigation phase

In the following diagram, the packets in the red area are flagged as belonging to a DDoS attack and are thus discarded and not sent to the server under attack.

Attack detection

References

 

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User Experience (UX) References

Here are some interesting references on User Experience / User Interfaces, which I personally recomend:

HAPS-High-altitude platform station

This a kind of low altitude satellite:

A high-altitude platform (HAP) is a quasi-stationary aircraft that provides means of delivering a service to a large area while staying thousands of feet above in the air for long periods of time.”

High-altitude platform station (short: HAPS) is – according to Article 1.66A of the International Telecommunication Union´s (ITU) ITU Radio Regulations (RR)[2] – defined as “a station on an object at an altitude of 20 to 50 km and at a specified, nominal, fixed point relative to the Earth”.